29 June 2021
IoT is short for Internet of Things. This term is well known around the globe for connecting physical devices to the internet. Your phone and laptop and some other devices are already connected to the internet, but think about washing machines or your fridge. Wouldn’t it be nice if your fridge ordered your weekly groceries? IoT makes it possible to eliminate the human-to-human or human-to-computer communication. This can prevent a lot of misunderstandings!
Devices connected through the method of IoT are passing information to other devices through the use of sensors. But what about moving objects? Products are being shipped worldwide and the logistics industry has been facing the difficulties of tracking their shipments.
At the moment there are three main systems that are being developed for the Internet of Things. Starting with the most obvious one, Global Positioning System. GPS tracking has been around for many years and is a well known system. GPS and IoT are a great match. For example when a transport is in an accident, the IoT sensors can communicate the malfunctions and GPS can inform emergency services of the location.
Second you have RFID, short for Radio Frequency Identification. RFID is not developed to track the carrier, but to track an actual parcel or product. A tracker or tag is attached to a certain parcel. This way the parcel can be tracked, identified and monitored. An easy example is your library book. Modern libraries are using RFID trackers to identify a book when returned, find the history of users and other useful data.
RFID tags and the application of IoT can speed up manufacturing. When attached to assembled objects or finished items the rapidly available information and IoT make it possible to make the object “thing aware”.
Finally we have the OBD II, which stands for Onboard Diagnostics. This type of tracking retrieves information such as vehicle data and driving conditions. Where RFID controls the parcels information, OBD II is about the carrier. Most cars are already equipped with OBD ports. A standard diagnostic OBD II connector tracks information such as mileage and several engine control systems. An IoT OBD connector makes our lives even easier as communication from vehicle to garage, logistic centre or driver is more advanced and quicker.